Thursday, 2 October 2014

MELBOURNE STREET TREES 90 - EASTERN REDBUD

Cercis canadensis (Eastern redbud) is a large deciduous shrub or small tree, native to eastern North America from Southern Ontario, Canada south to northern Florida but can thrive as far west as California.

It typically grows to 6–9 m tall with a 8–10 m. It generally has a short, often twisted trunk and spreading branches. A 10-year-old tree will generally be around 5 m tall. The bark is dark in colour, smooth, later scaly with ridges somewhat apparent, sometimes with maroon patches. The twigs are slender and zigzag, nearly black in colour, spotted with lighter lenticels. The winter buds are tiny, rounded and dark red to chestnut in colour. The leaves are alternate, simple, and heart shaped with an entire margin, 7–12 cm long and wide, thin and papery, and may be slightly hairy below.

The flowers are showy, light to dark magenta pink in colour, 1.5 cm long, appearing in clusters from Spring to early Summer, on bare stems before the leaves, sometimes on the trunk itself. The flowers are pollinated by long-tongued bees such as blueberry bees and carpenter bees. Short-tongued bees apparently cannot reach the nectaries. The fruit are flattened, dry, brown, pea-like pods, 5–10 cm long that contain flat, elliptical, brown seeds 6 mm long, maturing in late Summer-Autumn.

C. canadensis is grown in parks and gardens, with several cultivars being available. The cultivar 'Forest Pansy', with purple leaves, has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.

This post is part of the Floral Friday Fotos meme.







5 comments:

  1. How wonderful for you to have Spring! Here the autumn har begun and the darkness descends. Lovely photos.

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  2. We have the C. siliquestrum, Not too different, I don't think. Love them, but for us it will be a long wait.
    Have you ever managed to grow some from the very plentiful seeds?

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  3. I love Redbuds, but around here we sometimes call them Deadbuds. Tom The Backroads Traveller

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