Thursday, 7 August 2014

MELBOURNE STREET TREES 84 - ALMOND

The almond (Prunus dulcis, syn. Prunus amygdalus, Amygdalus communis, Amygdalus dulcis) is a species of tree native to the Middle East and South Asia. "Almond" is also the name of the edible and widely cultivated seed of this tree. Within the genus Prunus, it is classified with the peach in the subgenus Amygdalus, distinguished from the other subgenera by the corrugated shell (endocarp) surrounding the seed.

The fruit of the almond is a drupe, consisting of an outer hull and a hard shell with the seed (which is not a true nut) inside. Shelling almonds refers to removing the shell to reveal the seed. Almonds are sold shelled (i.e., after the shells are removed), or unshelled (i.e., with the shells still attached). Blanched almonds are shelled almonds that have been treated with hot water to soften the seed-coat, which is then removed to reveal the white embryo.

The almond is a deciduous tree, growing 4–10 m in height, with a trunk of up to 30 cm in diameter. The young twigs are green at first, becoming purplish where exposed to sunlight, then grey in their second year. The leaves are 7–10 cm long, with a serrated margin and a 2.5 cm petiole. The flowers are white to pale pink, 3–5 cm  diameter with five petals, produced singly or in pairs and appearing before the leaves in early spring.

This post is part of the Floral Friday Fotos meme.





4 comments:

  1. Beautiful shots of a perfect spring day and a magnificent tree

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  2. Wonderful for Floral Friday .... I love it.

    ReplyDelete

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